Correct breathing in water as the main component of teaching swimming children with mental disorders

Authors:

Popovich N.V., Water kinds of sport Federation for people with mental disorders Moscow, Russia ORCID: 0000-0002-5767-591X, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Raspopova E.A., Russian State University of Physical Culture, Sport, Youth and Tourism Moscow, Russia ORCID: 0000-0002-1129-4492, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.*

Abstract:

It is known that under the influence of an active muscle activity psycho-emotional state of an organism improves, the level of anxiety decreases and this effect is especially distinct during swimming lessons, where environment is different. This environment, as special research works mention, is the means of psychic over-tensions prevention. In the opinion of many specialists, adaptive physical culture and sport is more important for a person with disabilities, than for healthy people. In this connection for children with mental disorders swimming is an effective means of physical, psychic and emotional development. The ability to control breathing is an important index of a child’s behavior, it develops self-control and attention focusing. Material. The article is about the question of teaching correct breathing in water among children with mental disorders, who go in for swimming, as the main component of teaching swimming. Result. We present the exercises, which are used on land and in water for teaching correct breathing and the results of swimming speed among children with mental disorders at the beginning and at the end of the experiment, which prove the necessity to organize the directed formation of correct breathing skills in teaching swimming children with mental disorders. Conclusion. The presented methodology using special exercises for teaching breathing on land and in water among children with mental disorders helped to decrease time of 25 meters distance overcoming with free style in comparison with children from the control group. We mention lower HR after 25 meters distance overcoming, than in the control group, which shows more effective way of distance overcoming. Further it would help to teach children swimming more effectively and train them for competitions of different level.

Keywordschildren with mental disorders, swimming, correct breathing.

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For citation: Popovich N.V., Raspopova E.A.* Correct breathing in water as the main component of teaching swimming children with mental disorders. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2020; 15(3): 23-27. DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2020-15-3-29-34

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