Functional and reserve capacities of an organism estimation among sprinters according to “D&K-TEST” indices and taking into account bioprofile

Authors:

Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva., Yelabuga Institute (branch) Federal State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Kazan (Volga region) federal University, Yelabuga, Russia ORCID: 0000-0002-9387-7033, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Chulpan A. Gizatullina., Naberezhnye Chelny State Pedagogical University Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia ORCID: 0000-0002-8563-3207, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Aleksandra S. Seliverstova, Yelabuga Institute (branch) Federal State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Kazan (Volga region) federal University, Yelabuga, Russia ORCID: 0000-0002-8563-3207, АThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

In the training process of sprinters, as well as in other cyclic kinds of sport, important place takes the training of the main structural components of muscle activity energy supply mechanisms. These, first of all, are the indices of power, volume and effectiveness. The main characteristics of muscle activity energy supply are the following: aerobic-anaerobic and alactateanaerobic orientation of the training loads. In sprint the volume of the load is characterized as considerable and great, especially at special-preparatory and competitive stages of sports training. It is important to form an integral estimation of physical loads influence, taking into account the initial level of readiness and the coefficient of physical exercises fulfillment difficulty and the zones of the training loads intensity determination, taking into account the functional state and an integral mark. Research methods and Material: scientific-methodical literature analysis, express-diagnostics of organism functional state among sprinters using “D&K-Test” expressdiagnostics, comparative analysis of the received results. We analyzed functional state and reserve capacities indices of the organism among sprinters, who train in sports school for children and teen-agers in the training groups and the groups of sportsmanship improvement. Results. In order to estimate the initial level of sprinters’ functional state we registered the indices, which characterize the power, volume, efficiency and genotype. During a long-term observation over each athlete an individual accumulation model is created, taking into account the dynamics of the registered indices with the help of “D&K-Test” methodology. Conclusion. The results of testing functional state and reserve capacities of sprinters’ organisms in a yearly cycle of training helped to define differences between the runners depending on the type of bioenergetics. In the group of the runners with an aerobic type of bioenergetics we see an average level of the ability to fulfill physical load volume in the 3rd -5th zones of intensity. In the group of the runners with an anaerobic type of bioenergetics we see a high level of organism ability to fulfill physical loads volume in the 3rd -5th zones of intensity. In the group of the runners with the mixed type of bioenergetics we see above the average level of organism ability to fulfill physical load volume in the 3rd -5th zones of intensity.

Keywordssprinters, functional capacities, reserves of an organism, adaptation, «D&K-Test» methodology, training cycles.

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For citation: Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva, Chulpan A. Gizatullina, Aleksandra S. Seliverstova Functional and reserve capacities of an organism estimation among sprinters according to “D&K-TEST” indices and taking into account bioprofile. Russian Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2020; 15(3): 37-43. DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2020-15-3-48-55

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