The peculiarities of health-improving swimming lessons organization with 61-65 year-old men

Authors:

Anastasiya A. Svetlichkina, Astrakhan State Medical University Astrakhan, Russia. ORCID: 0000 – 0001- 6337 – 693, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Aleksandr V. Dorontsev, Astrakhan State Medical University Astrakhan, Russia. ORCID: 0000 – 0001- 9446 – 103Х, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Nina A. Zinchuk, Astrakhan State University Astrakhan, Russia. ORCID: 0000 – 0001- 5837 – 9912, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Irina E. Yankevich, Astrakhan State University Astrakhan, Russia. ORCID: 0000 – 0001- 6930 – 4916, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

When planning health-improving physical culture lessons with middle-aged and older people, who have age-related morphological and functional changes of a pathological character, special attention should be paid to the level of physical load intensity and volume. One of the main issues is the type of physical activity choice. It allows minimizing the risks of maladaptive reactions to physical load and at the same time helps to increase the regulatory and adaptive potential of the main organism systems. Materials. In order to study the influence of physical activity on the main functional indices of 61-65 year-old men, who have hypertension, a group of health-improving swimming was formed. The group included 14 people. Lessons were held twice a week, 45 minutes each lesson. The study took into account the results of functional tests. indices of the cardiovascular system instrumental control. Research methods. Statistical data processing was carried out using (STATISTICA 16) program. For each index the average value, the error of the arithmetic mean was calculated. Taking into consideration a small volume of observations, in statistical calculations we used formulas for a small group. We also used nonparametric methods - Mann-Whitney test. Results. It was revealed that health-improving swimming lessons in 61-65 year-old men with pathology of the cardiovascular system helped to increase the regulatory and adaptive potential, the level of physical qualities development. They helped to normalize body weight in terms of differentiated planning of physical load intensity. Conclusion. The revealed correlations of the cardiovascular system response to physical load during health-improving swimming among the examined contingent showed the need for the structure of the training process formation in accordance with the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of the trainees.

Keywords:

health-improving swimming, physical load, hemodynamics, 61-65 year-old men, cardiovascular system pathology, body mass index.

DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2021-16-2-70-76

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