Some complex approaches to training micro-cycles formation among cadetsweightlifters taking into account biotypes

Authors:

Ilyas N. Ibragimov, Tyumen Industrial University Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0003-2158-5872, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Zinaida M. Kuznetsova, University of Management “TISBI” Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-5558-474X, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva, Yelabuga Institute (branch) of Kazan Federal University Yelabuga, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-9387-7033, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

Training cadets-weightlifters at all stages has a multipurpose orientation, that is why it is important to define and plan a rational combination of the training means use. Distribution of such micro structures in the cycle of training, as the days, months of training, provides effective volume, intensity and other values of physical load distribution. The structure of training cadets-weightlifters is based on taking into account the regularities and principles of sports training as the condition for physical readiness and working capacity increase. Any power oriented sports demands components characteristics in the structure of micro cycles. We consider the methodology of the training lessons organization by the example of the micro cycle of training taking into account bioenergetic profile of cadets-weightlifters. We revealed the necessity to distribute the macro cycle to structural components as the condition for the effectiveness of different variants of the training effects distribution. Materials and methods. We analyzed the range of training lessons among cadets-weightlifters in order to create the variants of gradual training problems solution according to the kinds of training. We analyzed training programs of cadets taking into consideration the level of readiness and their bioenergetic profiles. We created the content of the training work in the micro cycle of the preparatory period for cadets-weightlifters with different bioenergetic profiles. The main material of the research includes the ratio of the training effects volume in one micro cycle taking into account cadets’ bioenergetic profile. Cadets-weightlifters from Tyumen Higher Military-Engineering Command College (military Institute) took part in the research (Tyumen, Russia). Results. We created the content of the training work by the example of one micro cycle for cadets-weightlifters taking into account bioenergetic profile. The created variant of the training loads structure includes the main means of training taking into account the kind of training. Realization orientation in five regimens of work fulfillment with the effectiveness estimation of a total load within one lesson and a week in general is estimated according to a point system. Conclusion. The created variant of a micro cycle considers kinds of training realization taking into account the percentage of the ratio. Taking into account bioenergetic profiles helps to discuss strong and weak sides of muscle activity energy supply mechanisms. We consider the ability to fulfill a long-term aerobic load among the representatives of the 1st and the 2nd bioenergetic profiles. The representatives of the 3rd and the 4th biotype are inclined to fulfill the mixed load. The representatives of the 5th biotype are characterized by higher degree of anaerobic abilities demonstration. The technology of planning the means taking into account the regimens of work realization with point system helps to increase physical working capacity and rehabilitation processes in cadets’ organisms.

Keywords:

weightlifting, methodology, volume, intensity, variants of a micro cycle, regime

For citation:

DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2021-16-1-39-46

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