Structure of students’ health formation at medical academy: problems and innovations

Authors:

Ildus G. Gibadullin, Izhevsk State Technical University named after M.T. Kalashnikov Izhevsk, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0001-6386-1121, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Aleksandr S. Torokhov, Izhevsk State Medical Academy Izhevsk, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0001-8580-0944, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva, Yelabuga Institute (branch) of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University Yelabuga, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-9387-7033, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

The article presents structural components. They characterize health level of students. We revealed the necessity to divide students taking into account the deviations in health state. It is underlined that a person’s health state is conditioned by motivational mindset to realize motor activity taking into consideration personal level of physical health. We revealed the necessity to define structural components of a person’s health as the main factor of health-improving program planning and modification. Mechanisms of bioenergetics of muscle activity development are the base for students’ physical health formation. The aim of the present research work was the conditions of health groups formation and structural components of students’ health study at medical academy. Research methods. We organized scientific-methodical sources analysis concerning the questions of general basis of students’ health state complex evaluation. We studied students’ medical cards in the medical room of the academy. We also organized students’ health state express-evaluation (the main and preparatory groups) taking into account 10 most informative indices, such as heart rate, blood pressure, life index, height-weight index, motor activity, endurance according to 2000 meters running, power oriented endurance, hands dynamometry and chronic diseases. All absolute values of the tests were turned into points in order to estimate health level. Health level in students of the main and preparatory groups was held according to the following scale: 5,0 and higher – very high level; 4,9-4,0 – high; 3,9-3,0 – average; 2,9-2,0 – below the average; 1,9-1,0 and lower – low. Results. We defined the indices of health structural components for a complex estimation of organism activity and health-improving and training effects correction. We revealed the kinds of deviations according to the information from students’ medical cards, different kinds of deviations in students’ organisms functioning. The characteristics of the main structural components, which form students’ health level, were transformed into points and it makes the correction of the training effects possible. We revealed the directions of the oncoming problem in terms of risk of different diseases prediction. They prevent students’ comfortable life. Innovative directions of students’ health level increase were defined. Conclusion. Studying the main components of students’ health at higher educational establishments is the main objective during students’ positive attitude to a healthy life style formation. The potential of health-improving and training programs realization for students is in the database of physical health creation as the ground for professional working capacity and organism activity increase in stress situations appearing in modern society. In order to correct all components in students health structure it is necessary to correct health-improving and training programs, taking into account the mistakes of methodical character.

Keywords:

structural components of health, students of special medical groups, deviations in health state, healthy life style.

For citation:

Ildus G. Gibadullin, Aleksandr S. Torokhov*, Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva. Structure of students’ health formation at medical academy: problems and innovations. Russian Journal of Physical Education and Sports. 2021; 16(1): 101-108. DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2021-16-1-101-108.

Download article

Joomla templates by a4joomla