Traditional games at physical education lessons: factors and development prospects

Authors:

Zinaida M. Kuznetsova, University of management “TISBI” Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-5558-474X, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva, Yelabuga Institute (branch) of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University Yelabuga, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-9387-7033, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Aleksandra S. Seliverstova, Yelabuga Institute (branch) of Kazan (Volga region) Federal University Yelabuga, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-8563-3207, АThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

The article considers the main directions of traditional games wide use during physical education lessons. While studying at educational establishments children feel the need for motor activity. Action oriented games can be the most available way to satisfy the need of children for activity. Starting from junior school action games means realization becomes diverse. These action games include a lot of traditional games. Traditional games realization during physical education lessons has fragmentary and acyclic character. It becomes urgent to discuss the problem of traditional games means use at physical education lessons for positive traits of character formation and patriotic upbringing among the present schoolchildren. Research methods and material. Scientific-methodical sources analysis, questionnaire survey in order to reveal the attitude of specialists and schoolchildren of different age groups to traditional games use during physical education lessons. For the questionnaire survey we used the specialists of comprehensive schools in Nabrezhnye Chelny, Nizhnekamsk and Yelabuga. We analyzed the results of a questionnaire survey among the specialists (physical education teachers) and junior (n=23 children), average age (n=17 children) and senior (n= 24 children) schoolchildren. Results. We analyzed the results of a questionnaire survey among the specialists and schoolchildren. We revealed their attitude to traditional games as the condition for physical readiness formation. We studied the factors, which condition the effectiveness of traditional games realization at physical education lessons. The place of traditional games in the strategy of physical training process control among schoolchildren was defined. The following aims were achieved: content and conditions of traditional games organization revelation; traditional games mastering planning and organization; means, methods and forms of games realization revelation; game roles distribution taking into account schoolchildren’s readiness level; planning a rational regimen of games use during the lessons; traditional games organization watching; a rational plan of each game organization creation; mastering the game tactics and the conditions of its organization; supplementary equipment preparation. Conclusion. Theoretical aspects of traditional games organization and realization in terms of one form (physical education lessons) and comprehensive establishment in general, would help to organize the process of individual characteristics formation and each pupil’s initiative, activity, industry, courage, resoluteness, psychic steadiness and physical working capacity development.

Keywords:

traditional games, schoolchildren, physical education lesson, physical health, physical upbringing.

For citation:

Zinaida M. Kuznetsova, Ilsiyar Sh. Mutaeva, Aleksandra S. Seliverstova*. Traditional games at physical education lessons: factors and development prospects. Russian Journal of Physical Education and Sports.. 2021; 16(1): 163-171. DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2021-16-1-163-171..

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