Respiratory system indices dynamics among cadets-cynologists at military Institute of National Guard

Authors:

Ildus G. Gibadullin, M.T. Kalashnikov State Technical University, Izhevsk Izhevsk, Russia. ORCID: 0000-0001-6386-1121, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Aleksandra Yu. Anisimova, M.T. Kalashnikov State Technical University, Izhevsk Izhevsk, Russia. ORCID: 0000-0002-5899-91, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Azat F. Khuzin, Perm Military Institute of National Guard of the Russian Federation Perm, Russia. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

The article is about the questions concerning the functional state of respiratory system and the methodology of respiratory system indices dynamics change determination among the 1st4th course cadets at a military Institute of National Guard with the help of “SpirolabIII” apparatus. We underline the necessity to study the dynamics of functional reserves and respiratory system abilities in cadets of military higher educational establishments as the condition of physical working capacity control and stimulation. Materials. We present the results of functional reserves and respiratory system capacities in cadets at military higher educational establishments. These results were received with the help of “SpirolabIII” type spirography. We examined 5 spirometric parameters of cadets at military Institute: VC (vital capacity, l); FVC (forced expiratory vital capacity, l); EVC (expiration vital capacity, l); FIV 1 (forced inhalation volume within the first second, l); MVV (maximal voluntary ventilation, l/min.). Research methods. Scientific and methodical information sources and cadets’ medical cards analysis. Instrumental examination of respiratory system with the help of “SpirolabIII” device. Results. The abilities of spirography realization as an instrumental method of a functional state control of respiratory system helps to receive quick and valid information. We defined the dynamics of the indices, which characterize the activity of respiratory system among the 1st-4th course cadets at cynological faculty of Perm Military Institute of National Guard of the Russian Federation. Conclusion. An original index of respiration muscles power and universal criteria of respiratory system reserve capacities in cadets of military Institute help to get objective information concerning functional state of external respiration and use this information for physical qualities development.

Keywords:

cadets, Spirolab III, vital capacity, forced vital capacity, maximal voluntary ventilation.

DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2021-16-2-106-112

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