Сorrect ratio of breathing in kickboxing

Authors:

Andrey S. Mikhailov, Perm Institute of Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia Perm, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-6485-334X, e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Larisa A. Berezina, I.N. Ulyanov State Pedagogical University, Ulyanovsk Ulyanovsk, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-9471-2652, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract:

In the practice of striking kinds of combats the urgent question is the ratio of nasal and mouth breathing during the combat, both in sparring and in competitive combat. Kickboxing is one of dynamic kinds of striking combats, where breathing is one of the main components of the training and competitive process and, for that matter, athletes’ functional-physical training plays important role in this kind of sport. Materials. The most effective way of breathing revelation during the combat in kickboxing. Scientific novelty of the research results is in the most optimal way of breathing selection and use during the training process and competitive activity. Practical value of the research results is in the training process optimization among 18-25 yearold kickboxers and in the most effective regimen of breathing selection. Research methods. Information sources and the training process analysis and summarizing; pedagogical observation, questionnaire survey. Results. The article presents an urgent problem of kickboxing, which is connected with the most effective way of breathing selection during the combat and the factors, which condition this way of breathing. We analyzed the training process of athletes from the group of sports improvement. We created and tested educational-training tasks, on the basis of which we revealed the types of breathing used by the athletes during physical work, including the process of combats. As a results of the carried out research it was revealed that during low intensity physical work most part of athletes use nasal breathing, during high intensity work they use mouth breathing. During the competitive combat or sparring experienced athletes use mixed breathing and can easily change one type of breathing for another, depending on the situation during the combat. Conclusion. The choice of the way of breathing during the combat in kickboxing depends on the level of sportsmanship, on the dynamics and intensity of the combat, on an athlete’s training level, style of combat conduct and the situation during the combat (attack or defense). Thus, the most reasonable type of breathing selection during the combat depends on several factors and is individual for each person.

Keywords:

nasal breathing, mouth breathing, kickboxers, combat

For citation:

Andrey S. Mikhailov*, Larisa A. Berezina. Сorrect ratio of breathing in kickboxing. Russian Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2021; 16(1): 24-28. DOI: 10.14526/2070-4798-2021-16-1-24-28.

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